Wisdom Teeth Complications
If you still have your wisdom teeth, a conversation with your dentist about removing them is likely in your future. Once our wisdom teeth come in, or erupt, they become problematic for many reasons. In most cases, wisdom teeth are too large and cause discomfort or shifting of all of the teeth in the mouth. They also are hard to keep clean which makes them at higher risk for tooth decay overtime. For many, this means having their wisdom teeth removed is the best option for future oral health. Below is more information about the wisdom tooth extraction in cleveland texas procedure and related complications.
The Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure
Wisdom teeth are the last adult teeth to come in in the back of the mouth during early adulthood. This means for most, the tooth extraction procedure should be expected sometime between the ages of 17 and 25. Some people have wisdom teeth that come in and don’t cause any issues and line up in their mouth perfectly. For these individuals, it may not be necessary to have their wisdom teeth removed. If extraction is necessary, your dentist will have a discussion with you and walk you through the procedure. Wisdom teeth that are fully erupted, or completely through the gum tissue are the easiest to remove, while impacted or partially impacted teeth may require a more invasive procedure.
Complications from Wisdom Teeth Extraction
The extraction procedure for wisdom teeth is a very common and, in most cases, goes smoothly. However, complications are possible and occur in 3-30% of extractions. In order to avoid complications, it is important to be prepared and informed. The five most common complications of wisdom teeth extraction are:
- Dry Sockets: Technically known as Alveolar Osteitis, dry sockets are caused if the blood clots that forms after the extraction procedure are dislodged. These blood clots are a natural and essential part of the healing process. Approximately 3% of patients develop dry sockets after their extraction. Dry sockets usually occur in the first 3-5 days after the procedure. Signs of dry sockets include throbbing pain, unpleasant smell, and bad taste in the mouth. If you do develop dry sockets, it is important to go to dentist immediately.
- Pain and Swelling: Pain and swelling are common and should be expected after a wisdom teeth extraction procedure. However, the extent of pain and swelling varies from person to person and may also be connected to the extent of the procedure. Your dentist will provide post-procedure instructions and tips to deal with pain and swelling. These tips will include taking pain medication, eating soft foods, and avoiding strenuous activity.
- Limited Mobility: Some patients experience difficulty with opening their mouth after an extraction. This complication is more likely for those who have an impacted wisdom tooth removed. If you have this complication, contact your dentist and they will help you treat it using heat therapy, pain medications, and/or muscle relaxants.
- Excessive Bleeding: Up to 30% of patients experience excessive bleeding the first day after their extraction procedure. The amount of bleeding may depend on the surgery and the extensiveness, however you can minimize bleeding by avoiding smoking, rinsing the mouth, or excessive movement after surgery.
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